The framework, specifically focused on bipedal robotic technologies, will include methods and tools to measure System Ability Levels on a rigorous, quantitative and replicable way. The successful achievement of this goal will put Europe at the forefront of the evaluation of robotic systems, facilitating the process of bringing innovative robotic technologies forward to market. The idea, structure, and part of the methods proposed in EUROBENCH are the result of the previous achievements obtained in four years of collaborative work between the following five FP7 European projects, which include a solid methodology and several test benches already validated in relevant environment.
The collaboration between these projects demonstrated that wearable robots and humanoid robots share similar goals in terms of System Abilities, e. The resulting benchmarking scheme received special attention from EU representatives  and was recently recognized by the MAR  as one of the most promising efforts on standardization and benchmarking in Europe.
Citing Literature. Activities include integration of "ad hoc" hardware in the laboratory. I can possibly spend a few more months to work on the adaptation — fixing the fuel cell system on a bike, attaching an electric motor that would transfer the electrical power from the cell stack to the wheel, finding the regulators that would allow me to control the output during a ride, figuring out the position of the methanol fuel source and lines connecting it to the cell… it is quite an engineering project. The evaluation results of these levels are generated using dedicated simulation platforms and uploaded in the Technology Evaluator Information System, based on a web-service platform which is available for all Technology Evaluator members. View Preview.
For more information and the previous benchmarking scheme, please visit www. Torricelli et al. Motivation Human-centred robots such as prostheses, exoskeletons and humanoids, are becoming increasingly relevant worldwide.
In particular, we identified three main problems: In bipedal robotics, current benchmarking approaches are focused on generic, goal-level performance indicators. They are usually based on competitions, which can hardly describe performance in sufficient detail to allow recognizing and quantifying the technical causes of performance.
In contrast, System Abilities have the potential to decompose the global performance into a number of measurable and meaningful components. A detailed definition of the experimental tasks and scenarios in which these abilities should be measured is still not specified e.
In Robotics, the reproducibility of results from scientific publications is very difficult.
The experimental protocols and methods are not sufficiently specified to be replicated by others. This situation undermines the basis of scientific and industrial progress, i.
Evolution of a technology has to integrate the concept of Readiness Level closely linked with its production scalability at each step from the unit development to the final application including, unit integration, sub-system and operational system as described in Figure 2. Figure 2.
Leitat Technology Readiness Pathway Matrix. Firstly, new materials must reach a degree of readiness that shows they can be feasibly produced at competitive cost.
Once materials reach that degree of readiness — testing turns to integration into components integrated unit. These new components are often likely to require or substantially benefit from being tested at more experimental demonstrators at lower readiness levels.
This is a way of saying that components, devices, systems and applications are re-designed in light of the new materials and RL upgrading activities occur at every stage from basic unit to application. This is a more accurate picture of how we actually observe the evolution of technology readiness in EU projects and we can use this insight to plan the evolution of the RL of each step while preparing and executing an EU or any other publicly funded project. Whilst, of course, each project will not necessarily be starting from basic unit but from the step and the RL implied by the topic and technology in question..
Materials have been integrated in cell components, such as the electrolyte and cathode. This Lithium sulphur module built for the very first time is considered a laboratory demonstrator with a fully new electronic management adapted to this new electrochemistry operational system at RL3.
The first generations of pouch cells will be demonstrated operational systems at RL5 while the last ones will only be validated at RL3. Moving to application building the battery into an electric vehicle would likely benefit from demonstration activities at a lower readiness level such as RL to explore implications and opportunities created by the new battery for vehicle design.
To conclude, the use of the TRL scale to communicate technology maturity between public funding bodies and applicants is a useful tool which takes into consideration the sector and context of each specific technology. However the step by step RL validation outlined here is critical in considering the preparation and implementation of a project.
The maturity of one step has to be high enough to be able to past to the next step at a similar or most likely a lower RL. Traversing is the sideways movement of climbers and skiers which makes their routes possible. Behind the apparent ascending progress of technologies to higher readiness levels is an inherent up-and-down zig-zagging as the technology moves across various levels of integration from basic units into operational units, sub-systems, operational systems and finally to applications.
This underscores the importance of pilot production lines and demonstrators and research on enabling and industrial technologies. Between basic research and new products are the necessary sideways movement of new technologies into components and subsystems on their path to readiness.
This process is part of the unique knowledge area of Research and Technology Organisations and of the specific value of pilot lines and demonstrators to Public Research Programmes and Industry alike. Matopoulos et al. Rolin et al.